Acne is non-discriminating in its selection of individuals. It affects all ages, all races and all nationalities. Technically, acne can be diagnosed with the presence of comedones. However, unless there's an excessive number of blackheads and whiteheads this diagnosis is usually reserved for the appearance of papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. The cause of acne is considered to be hereditary. There are four factors influencing the acne pathogenesis:
- Androgen hormones
- Excessive cellular keratinization and clogging in the corneum layer and the sebaceous follicle
- Oil production
- Overpopulation of the bacterium known as Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes)
Depending upon the type of acne, medical supervision may be warranted. In the case of cystic acne and Rosacea, individuals should consult with their dermatologist for care.
Acne skin is characterized as flaky, dry and oversensitive due to the usage of harsh facial products and scrubs in an effort to decrease oil production, but consequently results in over-drying the skin. It is extremely important for individuals with acne to concentrate on rebalancing, hydrating and healing their skin with the use of gentle products. The following protocols may be used in conjunction with a physician prescribed or over-the-counter acne treatment.
The concerns the client may exhibit
- Breakouts on face and/or shoulders and back.
- Blackheads and whiteheads trapped under the skin.
- Excessive shine.
- Uneven, orange peel complexion.
- Skin sensitivity and/or irritation.
- Flakiness and/or excessive dryness.
- Frustration with products that do not seem to work.
These concerns usually stem from
- Androgen hormone.
- Excessive cellular keratinization and clogging in the corneum layer and sebaceous follicle.
- Oil production.
- Over population of P acnes bacteria.
- Misuse of harsh, abrasive, drying products.
- Ingestion of certain medications, hormones and steroids.